In 1611 at Aix-en-Provence (South of France), Father Gaufridi  was burnt alive. As in the Loudun possessions, sexual themes played a large role in the possession testimony.  The first 20–25 years of the 17th century were host to the peak of accusations in France’s witchcraft hunt. During this time-frame, the number of cases involving demonic … Read more

Evidences for accusing a witch

The evidence required to convict an alleged witch varied from country to country. There are particularly important differences between the English and continental witch-hunting traditions. The checks and balances inherent in the jury system, which required a 23-strong body (the grand jury) to indict and a 12-strong one (the petit jury) to convict, always had … Read more